Key Strategies And Approaches For Managing Colic

Discomfort in your child can be caused by colic. Use these tips to alleviate the symptoms.

Colic remains an unexplained condition in infants which is often associated with excessive gas and indigestion. It can be challenging for some parents to soothe their babies who are experiencing colic, so here are some valuable tips on what to do when your child is affected by it.

Understanding Colic

Colic is an actual condition that causes infants to cry for extended periods of time due to discomfort. Although its exact causes are unknown, it usually occurs during the first few months of an infant’s life and tends to decrease significantly after that period.


While it is normal for infants to cry when hungry or needing a diaper change, persistent fussiness without an apparent reason may indicate colic. Additional symptoms to look out for include:

  • Intense crying that lasts for at least three hours each day
  • Sudden outbursts of crying with no apparent trigger
  • Regular timing of crying, particularly at night
  • Physical tension, particularly in the abdomen

Possible Causes

Infants are most likely to experience the peak symptoms of colic during their first six weeks. While the direct cause of colic is unknown, researchers are examining several potential factors, such as:

  • Feeding – underfeeding or overfeeding
  • Underdeveloped systems – specifically the digestive system
  • Stress/anxiety – an early form of migraine
  • Food allergies – lactose intolerance, indigestion, etc.

Ways to Prevent Colic in Infants

To prevent infants from swallowing air, the NHS recommends holding them upright while feeding and burping them afterwards by gently holding them over your shoulder. Other tips include giving them a warm bath and massaging their stomach. Passing gas and having bowel movements may also provide some relief from colic. You may also ask your doctor about medications like simeticone that may help alleviate colic symptoms.

When to Seek Medical Attention

While colic typically goes away as the baby grows older, certain warning signs may indicate that immediate medical attention is needed. These include bulging of the fontanelle, continuous crying until turning blue or very red, sudden fever, vomiting green fluids, blood in stools, and changes in eating patterns.

Tips for Parents

Don’t be discouraged if your initial efforts to console your child do not immediately work. Seek help from trusted friends and relatives if needed. Colic can be frustrating for first-time parents who may not fully know how to deal with it. Remember that your wellbeing is also important, so take breaks when needed. Colic is also linked to an increased risk of postpartum depression and early cessation of breastfeeding.

Medical Disclaimer

The medications listed above can be bought without a prescription, but it is essential to consult your child’s doctor before giving them any medication, including vitamins. Stop giving any medication if an allergic or adverse reaction occurs. Inform your healthcare provider about all current and past medications to ensure that the right kind of medicine is prescribed.